Adrenal Depletion

podcast of July 27 here

Started this show with a tune, Some Fantasy from the Double Happys
thanks Wayne Elsey 🙂

Adrenal Depletion,
also known as Fatigue and Burn out

signs of Adrenal depletion:

tired despite getting enough sleep? not getting enough sleep? not
handling stress? Blood sugar issues? Immune troubles? craving salt or sugar ? use stimulants to get you through?
Decreased libido Depression Hair loss Weight gain
Muscle tension/weakness

in Naturopathy we talk about the HPA axis – that is the Hypothalmus/Pituitary/Adrenal axis – 
all are part of your endocrine system that act in synergy. It is when these get out of whack that we start to see the signs of Adrenal Depletion

Care less!  – I love this, we all care way too much about insignificant things

Sleep!  if you are having trouble going to sleep that is often a Melatonin issue – but if your sleep trouble is that you wake between 1-3 and have trouble going back to sleep – then it is quite likely a problem with your HPA axis

Our brain needs sleep so as to process all the information we have consciously and unconsciously taken in during the day. A study just published shows that the brain is reset as we sleep, that it stores all the information it has taken in, and lays those memories into our storage banks, while at the same time restoring connections used during the day. Thus the next day we have those stores to call on, and are ready to learn new things, with new connections, and so on. 
the brain’s waste-flushing system (called the glymphatic system) may be close to 10 times more active when we sleep compared to when we’re awake. cleaning, clearing, tidying – house-keeping!

Food  – do a food diary – see what may be contributing
Gut/ brain
Get B/P checked and bloods – see what’s going on
meditation

Herbs include:
licorice or Rehmania

Different Ginsengs American good for blood sugar Korean as well, Siberian too
 but! not to be taken when there is any acute condition or hypertension
Withania/ Ashwaganda
Sarsaparilla/ Passionflower are both DHEA percursors
Rhodiola
Holy Basil/Tulsi

Supplements
a good quality fish oil
Magnesuim
good quality B complex
vitamin D if there is depression and/or bone loss

essential oils

Bergamot
Sandalwood
Marjoram
Cedarwood
Clary Sage
Lavender
Rose
Vetiver
Ylang Ylang
Chamomile
Frankincense

Bach Flowers

Elm, Olive, Oak, Pine , White Chestnut, Agrimony, Vervain, Impatiens
a combination of Agrimony, Elm, Clematis, Hornbeam and Mimulus is worth trying


colour therapy
Red – yellow as well

use a nutrient dense diet – avoid caffeine /sugar/ processed

exercise
fun
care less and be nice to yourself
reflexology,
massage,
and reiki
are all helpful

 

 

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Allergies

podcast  of July 13 show here

Allergies are abnormal immune system reactions and can manifest from foods, airborne pollens, moulds & dust, pollutants, also many things your skin can come into contact with, such as latex, animals, insects. even sunlight!
some are or can become permanent – Bee stings, for example
others can appear & disappear sometimes seemingly randomly!
symptoms can include, depending on the mechanism of allergy
breathing difficulties – from a bit of wheezing, to a lot, to complete closing of the trachea – to anaphylaxis!
rhinitis/hayfever/sinus
itching eyes & skin
nausea
vomiting
diarrhoea
hives/dermatitis/eczema
swelling –

conventional treatments include antihistamines, steroids, bronchodilators, creams – often steroid based. and for anaphylaxis, a direct injection of epinephrine or adrenalin from an epipen

HELP!

try nasal rinsing
deal with dust mites/pollen filters, washing
aromatherapy includes eucalyptus, chamomile & lemon compress
acupuncture
herbs:
Garlic, Horseradish, are all well used remedies for hay fever, as are Eyebright, Elderflower, Golden Seal, Golden Rod, Nettle Leaf, and Ribwort, Fenugreek, Albizia and Baical Skullcap from Auryveda
local herbs: Hoheria would be good for the irritation, use KawaKawa and Manuka as anti-inflammatories
in your garden you may find Nettles, Ribwort, Elderflower, and sometimes Golden Rod – make a tea of equal quantities – except, of course – if you react to the pollens from Elder Flower or Golden Rod

supplements to use include
quercetin, rutin Vit C.

Honey

bee pollen in honey can desensitise your body to other pollens. Increasing honey in your daily dietary intake may reduce hay fever symptoms significantly. Make sure you use honey local to your area to see the best results.
this is taken daily before hay fever season starts.

try affirmations – but please, don’t beat up on your self!

Asthma was covered June 1, you can find it here Asthma Part 1

Dermatitis can be aided the same way as  Hayfever, and 

creams made with calendula flowers -use orange ones, also chickweed, cleavers – make a tea & use as a wash
Bach Flowers

Colour Therapy
blue, yellow, pink, violet

Homeopathic 
remedies and Homeobotanicals have their place too.

Check for food allergies – can be a minefield, so take this route cautiously

Gut & Stomach repair:
chamomile, slippery elm, hoheria, globe artichoke, marshmallow, licorice,

use probiotics, prebiotics – show about them here
why not try reflexology?

 

 

Atherosclerosis

Podcast of June 29 here

I’ve changed things up a bit, so you won’t find a full transcript of the show here, below is a precis of tips from the show to read along with listening.

Atherosclerosis is a specific form of Arteriosclerosis – hardening of arteries

Follow a Mediterranean diet with very little if any meat
Vegetarian & vegan Diets probably better
use 
green tea
whole oats
antioxidants
alpha linolenic acid find it in – walnuts, flaxseed oil

vitamin C with its co-factors
,L-Proline L-Lysine both amino acids work to produce good cholesterol
vitamin B3 niacin niacinimide make sure you have a multi B
Vitamin E
Vitamin K
Magnesium

today’s song is 
Cake Kitchen with  November Holiday

look after your liver, 
gallbladder

, kidneys and pancreas

herbs:
globe artichoke
dandelion
dan shen
hawthorn leaves and berries
garlic
pomegranate

 

fish oil lowers triglycerides, increases HDL and is anti-inflammatory
Coenzyme Q10 prevents LDL from oxidising.
Emotionally speaking EFT 
, mindfulness, meditation, Reiki
Louise Hay
ARTERIOSCLEROSIS: Resistance, tension. Hardened narrow-mindedness. Refusing to see good.
Affirmation: I am completely open to life and to joy. I choose to see with love.

colours – yellow, red – green –

EXERCISE!

 

 

 

 

 

Asthma pt 2 & Alzheimer’s

you know the drill – go here – look for the title you want, the most recent one is at the top

continuing with Asthma, good to listen to the last one before this if you haven’t already, there’s a wee bit of overlap

tips –

Crystals

Malachite,
Morganite
Amber
Tiger’s eye,
Moss Agate,
Rhodochrosite

Chakras/Energy Centres

Solar plexus & Heart

Energy Medicine

Emotional Freedom Technique

Bach Flowers
Agrimony,
Crab Apple,
Cherry Plum

best idea is to get a mix specially made

Visualisation

Louise Hay / You Can Heal Your Life
ASTHMA: Unresolved guilt. Smother love. Inability to breathe for one’s self. Feeling stifled. Suppressed crying.
Affirmation: It is safe now for me to take charge of my own life. I choose to be free.

Alzheimer’s

Alzheimer’s 
is beta-amyloid plaques, that is, protein fragments that build up between & on brain cells

tips

Mediterranean Diet
fresh fruit/veg  -those awesome antioxidants!!

olive oil, 
legumes, 
whole grains, 
wild caught oily fish –  DHA in these foods has been shown to reduce beta-amyloid plaques
red meat occ
filtered water
occ red wine
Green Tea

 

coconut oil – ketones in this oil is brain food Alzheimers makes it difficult for the brain to uptake glucose

exercise – all sorts

play brain games – get a Nintendo!

look after gut health!
make sure your Fish oil supplement is good quality
mitochondrial dysfunction calls for Co Enzyme Q10 and its co-factors – Alpha-lipoic acid l-carnitine, B vitamins
these together can help to get your Mitochondria working well again – Co Enzyme Q10 7 its co-factors for the reactions, and your oils for the repair of the membranes
zinc
Vitamin D3 supplements
Phosphatidylserine derived from Soy Lecithin

herbs 
Gingko biloba
Turmeric
Bilberry
Rosemary
Bacopa
Korean Ginseng
Ginger
Paeonia
Sage
Rhodiola
Withania
Licorice

cinnamon – Alzheimers has been dubbed type 3 diabetes – insulin receptors 

in the brain get affected
a heavy metal detoxification could be in order

side sleeping enhances the brain’s waste clearing processes

essential oils
rosemary
frankincense
lavender
lemon balm
bergamot

and of course don’t forget colour – indigo, violet

Asthma Part 1

part 1 of Asthma here

Asthma

have listen, below are some tips

Food  – check for allergies
improve digestion
Probiotics
Increasing the numbers of friendly bowel bacteria can help improve asthma all round, both in terms of breathing, lung volume capacity, and reducing coughs and colds. No one seems to be sure why, but it seems that the tissue that lines the lung and the tissue that lines the gut stem from the same embryonic tissue. We know that if the lining of the gut is irritated, as in the use of expectorants, then the lungs mucous removing action is increased. Conversely if the lining of the gut is soothed, via herbal agents known as demulcents, then the lung tissues are calmed and soothed in turn.
and don’t forget those Pre – biotics

remove additives (msg, aspartame, colours etc)

Vitamin D-rich foods, such as milk and eggs
Beta carotene-rich vegetables, such as carrots and leafy greens
Magnesium-rich foods, such as spinach and pumpkin seeds
Pineapple, Apple
Rock Melon,
Blueberries,
Broccoli,
Ginger 
Flaxseed 
Onions

Essential fatty acids

water – solarise some using  orange /indigo

in an acute attack/emergency – baking soda & salt 1/8 -1/4 t each for children, in a little warm water
adults can have 1/2 t each
Theophylline in Chocolate will also help – dark choc probably best – more cacao

Vitamin C 4-5000 mg daily. and 1st aid powder best for this
Magnesium
 & Zinc

Herbs :
Albizia
Baical Skullcap
Euphorbia
Elecampane
Turmeric
Licorice
Marshmallow
Eyebright
Ribwort
Echinacea

Children especially Cell Salts

5. KALI PHOS (Kali Phosphoricum; Potassium Phosphate)

6. KALI MUR (Kali Muriaticum; Potassium Chloride)

7. NAT MUR (Natrum Muriate; Sodium Chloride)

Essential Oils
use in a diffuser or in a massage blend
Aniseed
Clary Sage
Cypress
Lemon
Manadarin
Peppermint
Spearmint
Myrrh
Pine
Frankincense
Lavender
Eucalyptus
Tea tree oil
Roman chamomile

 

 

Anxiety

podcast of May 18 2017 here

 

Anxiety! I think all of us suffer from Anxiety to a greater or lesser extent – the very best start you could make, from my standpoint is to engage in a little mindfulness – notice your body – without judgement – notice your triggers.
or you could try some meditation – a few minutes of noticing

it’s a great idea to look after yourself:
limit coffee – sugar – alcohol
drink lots of water!
Anxiety is a stress on the body  – foods that contain zinc, magnesium, also good levels of B vitamins, eat leafy greens, avocado, oats, cacao, seaweed
get your Vit D  and omega 3s

 

Try  Chromotherapy – colour therapy

colour is vibration – and so are we!
so, find a colour that helps with your particular strain shall we say, of anxiety – could be a soothing sunshine yellow
grounding red
absorbing black – which is – did you know?  – all colours!
soothing orange – mix of red & yellow
speaking out, sticking up for you blue
purple/ indigo/violet
you can get colour into yourself in a few different ways – you can solarise water –  choose clothes in the colours you are wanting – visualisation is also a great tool

 

some Herbs for Anxiety include
Passionflower, 
Skullcap, 
Licorice, 
Turmeric,
Saffron
Withania/Ashwaganda
Rhodiola
Holy Basil/Tulsi

Bach Flowers can be very effective  – Aspen, Cherry Plum, Scleranthus, Walnut, White Chestnut – go have an explore, or ask your Naturopath to help

Essential Oils :
Lavender
Bergamot
Rose
Chamomile
Vetiver
YlangYlang

make sure you dilute!!- in a bath or a  massage blend
soles of feet, temples, back of knees, inside elbows, behind ears are all good

 

Crystals
Blue Lace Agate
Lepidolite. naturally contains lithium within it, which is often used in anti-anxiety medication.
Jet
Danburite
Shungite
Black Tourmaline

 

Acne Part 2

podcast of May 4 here

the following are my notes – just use ’em to follow along while you listen

2 cups of milk of choice
1 teaspoon Turmeric
1/2 teaspoon Cinnamon
Pinch of black pepper (increases absorption)
Tiny piece of fresh, peeled ginger root or 1/4 tsp ginger powder
Pinch of cayenne pepper (optional)

blend all ingredients in a high speed blender until smooth,
pour into a small sauce pan and heat for 3-5 minutes over medium heat until hot

Almond Milk with Saffron & Cardamon

Soak 10 almonds overnight in water. Grind saffron with mortar and pestle. Add saffron, a pinch of ground cardamon, almonds and 1 cup of your choice of milk in a blender and puree. Boil, stirring constantly to prevent the milk from sticking to the pan. Pour into glass and add honey.

Acne

often can be a hormone imbalance issue

stress  –

sleep deprivation – exercise

cleansing/exfoliating   essential oils: massage teatree

yoghurt face mask/ cider vinegar/ bacterial balance

zinc supplementation
vit c
Vit a
Vit e
efas anti -inflammatories

herbs : burdock (Susun Weed) , 
oregon grape ,
herbs for the lymphatic system – cleavers, blue flag
liver herbs,
kidney herbs,
echinacea, gotu kola, chaste tree (pituitary) 
cinnamon blood sugar, cycle 
passionflower – anxiety and also a dhea precursor (Dehydroepiandrosterone) which is a hormone that is used to make other hormones in our bodies – so you can see
 self-prescribing not a good idea at all
hormonal balancing – not only sex hormones, but thyroid, and pancreas as well – liver – kidneys & of course, the skin
you are a whole system –

Diet

detox or not?
juicing – be wary of the sugars!
smoothies perhaps a better way to go, you are getting fibre as well as
cacao, coconut water/soaked coconut, cinnamon, flaxseed, blueberries,

– low glycemic – anti-inflammatory – brown – sugars – pro & prebiotics

bach flowers:
agrimony  torture crabapple unclean

colour therapy –
violet, indigo & blue solarised water remember?

crystals

Tourmaline, Amethyst, Malachite
elixirs  – making
face masks  bentonite, french green  clays kaolin – colours

Arthritis Part 2 & Acne Part 1

link to podcast of April 20 here

disclaimer: this is intended for educational purposes, and it’s intent is to not replace advice from your qualified healthcare professional

Arthritis part 2

WATER – drinking lots is a great idea

Colour Therapy of course extends out beyond coloured lights, which is what a Colour Therapist would use to your clothing, the foods you eat, even your bedding
why not solarise some water? use gel filters of indigo or blue

Gem or Crystal Therapy



Copper is one of the most famous remedies for arthritis, joint and bone pain. Copper bracelets have been worn for centuries to help improve circulation. Now, copper infused supports are very popular.
Eilat Stone derives its name from the city of Eilat where it was once mined, it is a green-blue inhomogeneous (that means not mixed) mixture of several secondary copper minerals including malachite, azurite, turquoise, pseudomalachite, chrysocolla
Eilat Stone benefits sinuses, mouth, bone and tissue regeneration.

Magnetic Hematite, Magnet Therapy – underlays with magnets –  can increase blood flow and circulation and this is how it can help speed up the healing process and alleviate pain. Try a neck massage with a pair. They can also be directly bandaged onto an affected area or onto acupressure points.

Fluorite benefits the teeth and bones. People with arthritis, rheumatism, or spinal injuries have reported relief from their conditions when they employ fluorite in their healing regimen. Fascinating! Fluorite is of course the mineral form of Calcium Flouride !

Blue Lace Agate is known for treating removing blockages of the nervous system and treats arthritic bone deformities. Take a bath for 15-20 minutes with this stone in the bath water.

– Apatite
– Azurite–
Green Calcite
– Carnelian
– Chrysocolla
– Malachite
–Black Tourmaline

are all valuable stones for Arthritis as well

Acne

inflammation as well, this time of the skin – often can be a hormone imbalance issue

stress  can make acne worse, or bring on a breakout

sleep deprivation can be a contributor – regeneration happens when we are asleep!

too much cleansing/exfoliating  can also be a contributor

Arthritis

podcast from here
New month, new series! Starting with

Arthritis

Osteoarthritis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Lupus, Ankylosing Spondylitis, Gout, Fibromyalgia are just a few of the over 100 recognised forms of Arthritis
Some of these are now classified as auto-immune conditions, all are of course inflammatory conditions.

Osteoarthritis affects mainly cartilage, the breakdown of this.
In Rheumatoid Arthritis the body over-reacts and attacks the joints, specifically the synovium  – the linings of the joints
Psoriatic Arthritis affects joints, connective tissue and the skin
Fibromyalgia is considered a central pain syndrome – this means pain signals are processed differently.
Ankylosing Spondylitis affects the spine & large joints

Conventional treatments include pain killers & anti- inflammatories & steroids – these do alleviate symptoms, but unfortunately they all have side effects.

So, let’s start with ways to deal with these dis-eases from a nutritional perspective
the first place to start is an overview of the diet – 
many foods are considered pro-inflammatory – 
all nightshades – potato, tomato, eggplant, capsicum, chill
white flour / white rice
processed meats ie salami, bacon, smoked chicken etc
food additives – msg, aspartame, 
salt  
fried foods  – because AGE happens – advanced glycation end product is a toxin that appears when foods are heated, grilled, fried, or pasteurized. AGEs damage certain proteins in the body, and the body tries to break these AGEs apart by using cytokines, which are inflammatory messengers.
pasteurised  dairy products – hard cheeses, milk
many oils – corn oil for example – which these days is found in many processed foods – they are high in Omega 6 fatty acids
citrus may affect- but interestingly lemon in small amounts can be beneficial.

many people find following a vegan diet reduces or eliminates their symptoms altogether – but one needs to ensure that there is a good balance of protein

raw milk , kefir, water kefir are good choices dairy-wise

oily fish like salmon, tuna, sardines lots of omega 3 fatty acids 
if you don’t want fish, have flax seeds  – a good way to get that is LSA, which you can buy or make
3 cups Linseed, 2 cups Sunflower seeds, 1 cup Almonds  – grind all very finely –
Soy Beans
good oils include extra virgin olive oil, avocado oil – walnut oil contains 10x the omega 3s that evo does!
good ole anthocyanins – 
broccoli which also contains   sulforaphane
Green tea is packed with polyphenols, antioxidants believed to reduce inflammation and slow cartilage destruction. Studies also show that another antioxidant in green tea called epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) blocks the production of molecules that cause joint damage in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Smoothies are a great way to get some of these compounds in
!organic!
Turmeric, Ginger  – use fresh if you find it
Pineapple – not too much
berries
spinach
Celery
kale
yoghurt – dairy, coco, soy 
almond / coco milk

If you are going to undertake a detox – go to your health professional please

Exercise of course is essential

swimming, walking, weight bearing, yoga

Are you sitting all day? Invest in an ergonomic chair

Then of course there are the emotional aspects to this spectrum of dis-ease
some of  us may look at these as blaming ourselves you know – the ‘I did this to me’ routine that we can go through in our busy busy heads – nothing further from my mind as I talk to this today.  
We are where we are – acceptance of how we got here can be a very good thing – that does not mean we are bad, or stupid, or blind – we are where we are – and once we can accept that we got here, then we can begin to move somewhere else.
Louise Hay is always an interesting place to start – it can be quite challenging, and ultimately rewarding, as we work out what’s going on for us.
Arthritis: Feeling unloved. Criticism, resentment. –
Rheumatoid Arthritis: Feeling victimized. Lack of love. Chronic bitterness. Resentment. Deep criticism of authority. Feeling very put upon.
Inflammation – 
Stiffness –

New Zealand Native Plants pt 4

 

podcast here

Pukatea Laurelia novae-zelandiae

Laurelia novae-zelandiae (Pukatea) can grow to a height of 40 m and is the only New Zealand native tree with large plank-buttresses – thin triangular flanges which extend up the trunk and along the roots to support the tree’s growth in swamp or shallow-soil areas.
L. novae-zelandiae also has a specialised respiratory root structures called pneumatophores (roots above the ground) in certain waterlogged ground or mud. Like mangroves
The tree’s trunk is clean and straight and can grow to more than 2 m in diameter.
Pukatea is found from sea level to 600 metres throughout the North Island, and in the South Island in Marlborough and on the west coast as far south as Fiordland in lowland semi-swamp and gully areas. It is common in gullies around New Plymouth.

The  4-8cm x 2.5-5cm leaves are bright green oval, grow opposite each other, are thick and leathery with coarse blunt serrations on their edges. They have a glossy top surface and are pale underneath. The young leaves are a light green and the adult leaves are darker.
It has small (6mm) green flowers on flower stalks up to 3cm long during October to November. The genus Laurelia is unusual, with both sexes  separate on the same tree, and occasionally together on the same flower.
After flowering it develops urn shaped seed cases up to 2.5cm long which split and release hair-covered seeds which are dispersed by the wind.

Pukatea wood is tough but spongy, making it excellent for carving. Maori used it to carve the ornate figureheads for their waka, but it was not used for the body of the craft.
The leaves were chewed to relieve the pain of toothache and decoctions of the bark were used internally and topically for neuralgia, venereal disease and many dermatological complaints.

Pharmacologically speaking
The inner bark contains the alkaloids pukateine and laureline, which are morphine-like in their structure and activity, although allegedly with less adverse effects.
Pukatea has strong analgesic properties making it useful in the management of severe pain. Pukateine has shown dopaminergic and antioxidant properties, implicating possible application for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.

Medicinally, the bark is used

Internally:

Neuralgia
Stomach pains
Syphilis – internally and topically
Painful conditions
Parkinsons disease

Topically:
Various skin complaints, including chronic ulcers
Syphilitic & tuberculoid lesions

Red Matipo/Mapou  Myrsine australis

Myrsine australis is a species of shrub within the family Myrsinaceae. It is endemic to New Zealand, which means it is unique to NZ it is found throughout the country and on offshore islands.
It has crinkly-edged leaves which make it easily mistaken for a pittosporum and reddish bark and stems. Growing to around 6 metres in height, it inhabits bush margins. The bark on a mature trunk is grey.  Mapou produce very small black fruit in summer (popular with birds) these grow directly on the stem of the plant, not at the end of branches and twigs – a really good way to distinguish it from Pittosporums

Maori boiled mapou leaves to make an infusion for toothache. They also used the leaves as relief for arthritic problems, as a remedy for skin disease, intestinal worms and as a general tonic.
The branch wood was used for digging sticks and adze handle sockets.

Main Constituents:
Flavonoids including rutin
Triterpene saponins
Embelin

Main Uses:
Topically:
Toothache

Internally:
Cardiovascular disorders   – varicose veins
Constipation

Possible Pharmacological Actions:
Astringent
Vascular protective
Antimicrobial
Anti-leukaemic

Tanekaha   Phyllocladus trichomanoides
Celery Pine Toatoa

Tanekaha is a slow-growing evergreen conifer endemic  to New Zealand.It grows to about 20 m, with a 1 m trunk, found from North Cape to Marlborough/Nelson.  Its common name ‘Celery Pine’ comes from the celery-like foliage of this graceful tree.

Like the Kauri, Tanekaha shed their lower branches, producing smooth straight trunks and knot-free timber which is sought after for its strength. Its wood is the strongest and most flexible of the native conifers. Maori used the white timber for their canoes and houses, and for koikoi (double-pointed spears). Bark from this coniferous tree was beaten in a trough of water heated with stones, to make red-brown or black dye and walking sticks were fashioned from sturdy shoots.
Its branches are very supple and do not break if bent over, making the wood ideal for any function involving bending. Early European settlers use it as yacht masts and fishing rods. The wood was also used for marine piles, bridges, railway sleepers and for props in the northern coal and gold mines.
The bark is rich in tannin, from which Māori extracted a red dye.

Active Constituents:

Tannins

Flavanocoumarins

Essential oil

Flavonoid glycosides

A phylloflavan analogue

Inositol, pinitol and other
cyclitols (heartwood)

Primary
Actions:
Antimicrobial
Astringent

Medicinal Uses:
Tanekaha was used medicinally as an astringent and antimicrobial agent by Maori people and European settlers.
Decoctions of the inner bark were used in the treatment of diarrhoea,
dysentery and internal haemorrhage
The leaves were used for scrofulous diseases
Externally, it was used as a healing remedy for burns as well as for boils, abscesses and septic infections

The anti-microbial action of tannic acid has been well documented
and it has been shown to be effective against a range of bacteria
yeasts and viruses.
The combination of astringent and antimicrobial actions makes this plant an ideal addition to mouthwash formulations. The strong
astringent action helps tighten and heal the gum tissue while the anti-microbial action helps kill the bacteria responsible for dental caries, as well as conditions such as gingivitis and periodontal disease.
There has been some in vitro tests commissioned by Phytomed on preparations containing a combination of Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) and Tanekaha have found activity against the common oral bacteria
Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus mitis,
andActinomyces naeslundii

Adverse effects: Possible tannin-mediated impairment of gastrointestinal absorption of minerals and proteins ingested within
30 minutes before or after tanekaha ingestion.
Possible temporary staining of the skin/nails following prolonged external use.